Hydrothermal synthesis, structural, and spectroscopic studies of vanadium substituted ETS-4


Titano-vanadium silicate with the structure of ETS-4 has been hydrothermally synthesized to produce V-ETS-4. Direct comparison between ETS-4 and V-ETS-4 showed successful isomorphous substitution of titanium by vanadium. The existence of vanadium is confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). V-51 and Si-29 magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy revealed that the vanadium is present as V4+ and prefers the octahedral site in the ETS-4 structure. Diffuse reflectance ultraviolet-visible (DR UV-Vis) and Raman spectroscopy analyses showed the existence of five- and six-coordinated V4+, which partly substitute TiO5 square-pyramids and interrupts the chains of TiO6 octahedra in the ETS-4 structure. This isomorphous substitution also impacts the thermal stability of V-ETS-4 and it was observed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.




Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science


Ferdov, S; Lin, Z; Ferreira, RAS; Correia, MR

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