Furan Derivatives and Furan Chemistry at the Service of Macromolecular Materials


This chapter reports the most relevant aspects related to the preparation and the characterization of macromolecular structures incorporating furan heterocycles or moieties arising from them. It discusses the major chemical features of furans and the synthesis of furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural, which constitute the basic precursors to monomers suitable for both chain- and step growth polymerizations. It then deals with the free radical, cationic, anionic, and stereospecific polymerization and copolymerizations and with step-growth systems of suitable furan monomers. Particular emphasis is placed on furan polyesters, polyamides, polyurethanes, and conjugated oligomers as the most promising macromolecular architectures. This chapter discusses the application of the Diels–Alder reaction to the synthesis and properties of linear, crosslinked and dendritic macromolecules, with a strong accent on the reversible nature of these constructions. Finally, the aging of furan polymers is briefly discussed.


Naceur BM, Alessandro G

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