Decarbonizing the energy supply one pandemic at a time
authors Russo, MA; Ruivo, L; Carvalho, D; Martins, N; Monteiro, A
nationality International
author keywords COVID-19; Home office; Fuel; Natural gas; Electricity
abstract This study explores different energy consumption vectors during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal. Most of the workforce started working from home and resource consumption significantly shifted towards the domestic sector. The ensuing confinement protocols caused a shift in everyday life, which in turn significantly altered the energy supply and demand landscape. This event, although catastrophic in terms of loss of human life and economic development, can provide us with valuable data to study the potential of new strategies to achieve EU 2050 Energy goals. It was investigated whether the pandemic has opened a path and provided us with a partial answer to decarbonization in the form of home office practices as a possible energy efficiency measure. The present study shows that, in Portugal, there was a 15.7% reduction of primary energy consumption (accounting for electricity, natural gas and transport fuels) compared to 2019. The data suggest that actions targeting reduced mobility, such as home office practices and the decentralization of the workforce, could be a relevant energy efficiency measure.
issn 0301-4215
isbn 1873-6777
year published 2021
volume 159
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112644
web of science category 9
subject category Economics; Energy & Fuels; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Studies
unique article identifier WOS:000708580400001
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  impact metrics
journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 5.042
5 year journal impact factor 5.693
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 86.549
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