Reactive infiltration processing of SiC/Fe-Si composites using preforms made of coked rice husks and SiC powder


A reactive infiltration processing of SiC/Fe-Si composites using preforms made of coked rice husks (RHs) and SiC powder in different ratios is reported, in which FeSi2 alloy was used as infiltrant. The preforms were heat-treated at 1550 degrees C for 6 h prior to the infiltration. The coked RHs, which are composed of SiO2 and C, were converted to SiC and poorly crystallized C by carbothermal reduction during the heat treatment. The study of the microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites shows that molten Fe Si alloy had good wetting of the heat-treated preforms and adequate infiltration properties. Free carbon in the preform reacted with Si in the molten FeSi2 during infiltration forming new SiC, the composition of the intermetallic liquid being moved towards that of FeSi. As a result, the infiltrated composites are composed of SiC, FeSi2 and FeSi phases. Vickers hardness, elastic modulus, three-point flexural strength and indentation fracture toughness of the composites are found to increase with SiC additions up to 30% w/w in the preforms, reaching the values of 18.2 GPa, 290 GPa, 213 MPa and 4.9 MPa m(1/2), respectively. With the SiC addition further raised to 45% w/w, the elastic modulus, flexural strength and fracture toughness of the composite turned down probably due to high residual stress and hence the more intense induction of microcracks in the composite. De-bonding of SiC particles pulled out of the Fe Si matrix, transgranular fracture of part of the SiC particles and in the Fe Si matrix, and crack bridging all exist in the fracture process of the composites. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.



subject category

Materials Science


Zhu, D; Gao, MX; Pan, HG; Liu, YF; Wang, XD; Pan, Y; Oliveira, FJ; Vieira, JM

our authors


The work was supported by The Science and Technology Program of Zhejiang Province, China (No. 2008C24002) and by National Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Youth Scholars of China (No. 51025102).

Share this project:

Related Publications

We use cookies for marketing activities and to offer you a better experience. By clicking “Accept Cookies” you agree with our cookie policy. Read about how we use cookies by clicking "Privacy and Cookie Policy".