Ferroelectric Polarization in Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite Thin Films on Silicon


Hydroxyapatite nanocrystals in natural form are a major component of bone- a known piezoelectric material. Synthetic hydroxyapatite is widely used in bone grafts and prosthetic pyroelectric coatings as it binds strongly with natural bone. Nanocrystalline synthetic hydroxyapatite films have recently been found to exhibit strong piezoelectricity and pyroelectricity. While a spontaneous polarization in hydroxyapatite has been predicted since 2005, the reversibility of this polarization (i.e. ferroelectricity) requires experimental evidence. Here we use piezoresponse force microscopy to demonstrate that nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite indeed exhibits ferroelectricity: a reversal of polarization under an electrical field. This finding will strengthen investigations on the role of electrical polarization in biomineralization and bone- density related diseases. As hydroxyapatite is one of the most common biocompatible materials, our findings will also stimulate systematic exploration of lead and rare-metal free ferroelectric devices for potential applications in areas as diverse as in vivo and ex vivo energy harvesting, biosensing and electronics.



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Science & Technology - Other Topics


Lang, SB; Tofail, SAM; Kholkin, AL; Wojtas, M; Gregor, M; Gandhi, AA; Wang, Y; Bauer, S; Krause, M; Plecenik, A

our authors


This project has been funded with support from the European Commission_Grant No. EC NMP4-SL-2008-CP-212533-2-BioElectricSurface. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. MW acknowledges the support of a research fellowship from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, grant No. 657/MOB/2011/0. The Field Emission SEM was funded by the Higher Education Authority (HEA) under the PRTLI 4 program within the INSPIRE consortium. SB and MK gratefully acknowledge financial support from the European Research Council within the Advanced Investigators Grant

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