Aqueous Acid Orange 7 dye removal by clay and red mud mixes


In this study, Portuguese clay, Fe-impregnated clay, red mud and clay/red mud mixtures were used in the removal of Acid Orange 7 by Fenton and photo-Fenton (under UV light) oxidation processes. In comparison with pure adsorption, the catalytic activity of Fe-loaded clay showed an optimum removal rate (98%). This photo-assisted Fenton degradation of Acid Orange 7 azo-dye molecules was exploiting HO center dot radicals from generated H2O2 and clay supported iron species, following the pseudo-first order kinetic mechanism. By using red mud pre-calcined at 400 degrees C, 10% improvement in overall discolouration was observed in comparison to the untreated clay. This improvement is attributed to the partial reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ species on the surface of the catalyst, and to the reaction with H2O2 to generate highly oxidative hydroxyl radicals. It was seen that the synergistic effect of photocatalysis due to the presence of TiO2 in the red mud also contributed in this photo Fenton process. Furthermore, the use of red mud/clay catalyst mixes assured 38% dye discolouration at pH 7, but a lowering of solution pH to 3 resulted in a much higher discolouration rate (over 80% after 1 h). The good fitting with a pseudo-second-order kinetic model (R-2 equals to 0.99) shows that adsorption processes could strongly contribute in the dye removal efficiency. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Chemistry; Materials Science; Mineralogy


Hajjaji, W; Pullar, RC; Labrincha, JA; Rocha, F

our authors


The work was supported by FCT-Grant SFRH/BPD/72398/2010 co-financed by Programa Operaciona Potencial Humano POPH, and by UID/GEO/04035/2013 project. RC. Pullar wishes to thank the FCT Grant SFRH/BPD/97115/2013 for supporting this work. This work was developed in the scope of the project CICECO - Aveiro Institute of Materials (Ref. FCT UID/CTM /50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when applicable co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement.

Share this project:

Related Publications

We use cookies for marketing activities and to offer you a better experience. By clicking “Accept Cookies” you agree with our cookie policy. Read about how we use cookies by clicking "Privacy and Cookie Policy".