Catalytic oxidation of formaldehyde by ruthenium multisubstituted tungstosilicic polyoxometalate supported on cellulose/silica hybrid


Cellulose/silica hybrid material produced by a sol-gel method from cellulosic fibres and silica precursors (tetraethoxysilane and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane) was functionalized with alpha-[SiW9O37Ru3III(H2O)(x)Cl3-x]((10-x)-) (Ru-POM), and thoroughly characterised by C-13 and Si-29 solid state NMR, FTIR spectroscopy, UV-vis reflectance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and chemical analysis. The supported Ru-POM exhibited catalytic activity for the gas phase heterogeneous aerobic oxidation of formaldehyde (ca. 830 ppm in polluted air) at room temperature, in a packed-bed reactor operating at a linear velocity ca. 0.33 m/s and ca. 0.5 s residence time. Maximum formaldehyde uptake was 1.10 g/min per kg of hybrid material doped with Ru-POM (ca. 1.4% w/w). More than 400 turnovers were achieved without significant loss of catalytic activity and the only detected oxidation products of formaldehyde were carbon dioxide and water. A plausible mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of formaldehyde by supported Ru-POM has been proposed and includes formaldehyde oxidation in oxygenated ruthenium complex. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Chemistry; Environmental Sciences & Ecology


Gamelas, JAF; Oliveira, F; Evtyugina, MG; Portugal, I; Evtuguin, DV

our authors


This work was carried out at CICECO-Aveiro, Institute of Materials within the scope of grant financed by FCT(PEst-C/CTM/LA0011/2013).

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