Synthesis of ZnO mesoporous powders and their application in dye photodegradation
authors Maltanava, H; Poznyak, S; Ovodok, E; Ivanovskaya, M; Maia, F; Kudlash, A; Scharnagl, N; Tedim, J
nationality International
author keywords Chemical precipitation; Photocatalysis; Simonkolleite; Zinc oxide
abstract Mesoporous ZnO materials have been synthesized through chemical deposition of different precursors from aqueous or water-ethanol solutions followed by their thermal decomposition at 400°C in air. The microstructure and morphology of the precursors and obtained ZnO powders were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption (BET) methods. The structure of the precursor and physico-chemical properties of final zinc oxide powders were shown to be considerably influenced by the presence of Cl- ions and ethanol in solution. In water-ethanol solutions, Zn5(OH)8Cl2H2O or Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2(H2O)2 precursors are formed, while ZnO particles are directly deposited from aqueous solution. The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized ZnO materials was evaluated by the decolorization of Rhodamine B (RhB) upon UV irradiation. The ZnO powders have demonstrated high photocatalytic efficiency, enabling decomposition of 81.4-97.4 % RhB within 3 hours. The increased photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO prepared by annealing of Zn5(OH)8Cl2H2O precursor or deposited directly from aqueous chloride-containing solutions can be originated from the presence of Cl-containing compounds remaining after thermal treatment of simonkolleite as well as from introduction of Cl-dopant in ZnO. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
publisher Elsevier Ltd
year published 2018
volume 5
issue 9
beginning page 17414
ending page 17421
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.matpr.2018.06.043
unique article identifier 2-s2.0-85054961233