Impact of compressive and tensile epitaxial strain on transport and nonlinear optical properties of magnetoelectric BaTiO3-(LaCa)MnO3 tunnel junction


This work is devoted to disclosing the effect of epitaxial strain on crystallographic, transport, and nonlinear optical properties of a bilayer structure consisting of one ferroelectric (FE) (BaTiO3 with a thickness of 4 nm) and one ferromagnetic (La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 with the thickness of 12 nm) layers. Both tensile (of about similar to 6% caused by the MgO substrate) and compressive (of about similar to 1% caused by the SrTiO3 substrate) strains reduce the bulk metal-to-insulator phase transition temperature of the La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 layer from 240 K towards 195 K and 160 K, respectively. The appearance of the effect of colossal electroresistance, linear and nonlinear current-voltage behaviours and contribution of FE polarization switching in the BaTiO3 layer to the conductivity are associated with the influence of epitaxial strain. The predominance of the compressive over the tensile strain leads to the hysteresis behaviour of electroresistance, maximum conductivity caused by the resonant-tunnelling mechanism, and strong nonlinear optical dependence on the applied electric field.

subject category

Physics, Applied


Ivanov, MS; Buryakov, AM; Vilarinho, PM; Mishina, ED

our authors


The central part of this work (samples development, fabrication, and characterization using all described methods) was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 20-79-10223). The Fundacoao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia (FCT) through the project BIOMEMs (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-032095) is also acknowledged.

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