Assisted Synthesis of Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Magnetic Hyperthermia


Magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized by the co-precipitation method with and without the assistance of an additive, namely, gelatin, agar-agar or pectin, using eco-friendly conditions and materials embodying a green synthesis process. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy were used to analyze the structure and morphology of the nanoparticles. Magnetic properties were investigated by SQUID magnetometry and Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy. The results show that the presence of the additives implies a higher reproducibility of the morphological magnetic nanoparticle characteristics compared with synthesis without any additive, with small differences associated with different additives. To assess their potential for magnetic hyperthermia, water-based suspensions of these nanoparticles were prepared with and without citric acid. The stable solutions obtained were studied for their structural, magnetic and heating efficiency properties. The results indicate that the best additive for the stabilization of a water-based emulsion and better heating efficiency is pectin or a combination of pectin and agar-agar, attaining an intrinsic loss power of 3.6 nWg(-1).



subject category

Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Physics


Ferreira, LP; Reis, CP; Robalo, TT; Jorge, MEM; Ferreira, P; Goncalves, J; Hajalilou, A; Cruz, MM

our authors


This research had financial support from the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT, Portugal) I.P./MCTES through national funds (PIDDAC) in projects OrMagNa-PTDC/NANMAT/28785/2017 and the Centre grants UIDB/04046/2020 and UIDP/04046/2020 to BioISI and UIDB/50011/2020, UIDP/50011/2020 and LA/P/0006/2020 to CICECO and through the funding of research infrastructure NECL-proj. 22096 (including a grant for Abdollah Hajalilou).

Share this project:

Related Publications

We use cookies for marketing activities and to offer you a better experience. By clicking “Accept Cookies” you agree with our cookie policy. Read about how we use cookies by clicking "Privacy and Cookie Policy".