Bis[1,1 '-N,N '-(2-picolyl)aminomethyl]ferrocene as a redox sensor for transition metal ions
authors Cui, XL; Carapuca, HM; Delgado, R; Drew, MGB; Felix, V
nationality International
journal DALTON TRANSACTIONS
keywords CAMBRIDGE STRUCTURAL DATABASE; X-RAY; COPPER(II) COMPLEXES; MOLECULAR-MECHANICS; MACROCYCLIC LIGANDS; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES; RECEPTORS; RECOGNITION; CATIONS; CONSTANTS
abstract The compound bis[1,1'-N,N'-(2-picolyl) aminomethyl] ferrocene, L-1, was synthesized. The protonation constants of this ligand and the stability constants of its complexes with Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ were determined in aqueous solution by potentiometric methods at 25degreesC and at ionic strength 0.10 mol dm(-3) in KNO3. The compound L-1 forms only 1:1 (M:L) complexes with Pb2+ and Cd2+ while with Ni2+ and Cu2+ species of 2:1 ratio were also found. The complexing behaviour of L-1 is regulated by the constraint imposed by the ferrocene in its backbone, leading to lower values of stability constants for complexes of the divalent first row transition metals when compared with related ligands. However, the differences in stability are smaller for the larger metal ions. The structure of the copper complex with L-1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and shows that a species of 2:2 ratio is formed. The two copper centres display distorted octahedral geometries and are linked through the two L1 bridges at a long distance of 8.781(10) Angstrom. The electrochemical behaviour of L-1 was studied in the presence of Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+, showing that upon complexation the ferrocene-ferrocenium half-wave potential shifts anodically in relation to that of the free ligand. The maximum electrochemical shift (DeltaE(1/2)) of 268 mV was found in the presence of Pb2+, followed by Cu2+ (218 mV), Ni2+ (152 mV), Zn2+ (111 mV) and Cd2+ (110 mV). Moreover, L-1 is able to electrochemically and selectively sense Cu2+ in the presence of a large excess of the other transition metal cations studied.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 1477-9226
year published 2004
issue 11
beginning page 1743
ending page 1751
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/b401451k
web of science category Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000221664900013
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