Oxygen ionic and electronic transport in apatite ceramics


The development of novel oxygen ion conducting solid electrolytes is of great interest for high-temperature electrochemical applications such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). This work was focused on the study of transport properties of apatite-type La10Si6-xFexO27-x/2 (x = 1-2). Single-phase apatite ceramics with density higher than 98% were prepared by the standard solid-state synthesis route. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, dilatometry, impedance spectroscopy and faradaic efficiency measurements. The total conductivity and Seebeck coefficient were studied as function of the oxygen partial pressure varying in the range 10(-16) Pa to 50 kPa. The ionic conductivity of apatite phases was found to increase with oxygen content. In air, the ion transference numbers of La10Si6-xFexO27-x/2 (x= 1.0-1.5) at 700-950 degrees C are higher than 0.99, whilst the p-type electronic contribution to the total conductivity of La10Si4Fe2O26 is about 3%. Mossbauer spectroscopy showed that the coordination of iron cations, which are all trivalent within the detection limits, increases with oxygen intercalation in the lattice. Reducing P(02) below 10(-8) Pa leads to a decrease in the ionic transport and growing n-type electronic contribution, the role of which increases with iron additions. The average thermal expansion coefficients in air are (8.2-9.9) x 10(-6) K-1 at 100-1000 degrees C. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



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Materials Science


Shaula, AL; Kharton, VV; Waerenborgh, JC; Rojas, DP; Marques, FMB

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