Sintering kinetics of nanometric calcium oxide in vacuum atmosphere
authors Ramos, JP; Fernandes, CM; Stora, T; Senos, AMR
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Sintering; Porosity; Alkaline earth oxides; Nuclear applications
keywords SELF-DIFFUSION; SURFACE-AREA; CAO; DECOMPOSITION; ISOLDE; TARGET; CACO3; BEAMS
abstract A recent application for nanometric CaO powder is its use as a spallation target material for the production of isotope beams at CERN. The stability of the nanostructure at high operation temperatures is a crucial feature to provide stable and improved isotope release rates. Prior to operation, sintering studies under thermal conditions similar to those of the target operation are required to establish the microstructural evolution due to coarsening and densification processes. This knowledge enables the identification of the limiting temperatures for the target operation, ensuring a stable nanostructure for higher and constant isotope release rates. In this study, nanometric CaO powder with 58 m(2) g(-1) of specific surface area was obtained from vacuum decomposition of calcium carbonate at 800 degrees C. The microstructure evolution of porous powder compacts was investigated under vacuum atmosphere, from 1000 to 1250 degrees C, for holding times from 3 to 600 min. For temperatures higher than 1000 degrees C, a significant surface area reduction was observed, accompanied by porosity decrease. The morphological analysis of the pore evolution revealed a differential sintering of the porous compacts, mainly occuning inside the aggregates. The kinetic analysis of the surface area reduction pointed to aggregate shrinkage controlled by volume diffusion with surface diffusion as an underlying mechanism for lower temperatures. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
year published 2015
volume 41
issue 6
beginning page 8093
ending page 8099
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.03.007
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000354140300118
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journal impact factor 3.83
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