Formation of MgxNbyOx+y through the Mechanochemical Reaction of MgH2 and Nb2O5, and Its Effect on the Hydrogen-Storage Behavior of MgH2
authors Pukazhselvan, D; Perez, J; Nasani, N; Bdikin, I; Kovalevsky, AV; Fagg, DP
nationality International
journal CHEMPHYSCHEM
author keywords catalysis; hydrogen storage; mechanochemical synthesis; nanostructures; X-ray diffraction
keywords SORPTION KINETICS; NIOBIUM PENTOXIDE; METAL-OXIDES; MAGNESIUM; SYSTEM; NANOCOMPOSITE; NANOPARTICLES; IMPROVEMENT; MGH2/NB2O5; DESORPTION
abstract The present study aims to understand the catalysis of the MgH2-Nb2O5 hydrogen storage system. To clarify the chemical interaction between MgH2 and Nb2O5, the mechanochemical reaction products of a composite mixture of MgH2+0.167Nb(2)O(5) was monitored at different time intervals (2, 5, 15, 30, and 45min, as well as 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30h). The study confirms the formation of catalytically active Nb-doped MgO nanoparticles (typically MgxNbyOx+y, with a crystallite size of 4-8nm) by transforming reactants through an intermediate phase typified by Mgm-xNb2n-yO5n-(x+y). The initially formed MgxNbyOx+y product is shown to be Nb rich, with the concentration of Mg increasing upon increasing milling time. The nanoscale end-product MgxNbyOx+y closely resembles the crystallographic features of MgO, but with at least a 1-4% higher unit cell volume. Unlike MgO, which is known to passivate the surfaces in MgH2 system, the Nb-dissolved MgO effectively mediates the Mg-H-2 sorption reaction in the system. We believe that this observation will lead to new developments in the area of catalysis for metal-gas interactions.
publisher WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
issn 1439-4235
year published 2016
volume 17
issue 1
beginning page 178
ending page 183
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/cphc.201500620
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000367827700022
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journal impact factor 3.144
5 year journal impact factor 2.86
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