Sound absorption properties of polyurethane foams derived from crude glycerol and liquefied coffee grounds polyol


The main objective of this study was to evaluate the sound absorption properties of rigid polyurethane foams (PUFs) produced from crude glycerol (CG) and/or liquefied coffee grounds derived polyol (POL). The lignin content of POL proved to have a major influence on the structure and mechanical properties of the foams. Indeed, the POL content increased the cell size of the foams and their stiffness, which subsequently influenced the sound absorption coefficients. The POL derived foam has slightly higher sound absorption coefficient values at lower frequencies, while the CG foam has higher sound absorption coefficient values at higher frequencies. In turn, the foam prepared using a 50/50 mixture of polyols presents slightly higher sound absorption coefficient values in the medium frequencies range due to a balance between the cell structure and the mechanical properties. The results obtained seem to suggest that the mechanisms involved in sound wave absorption depend on the formulation used to prepare the foams. Additionally higher POL contents improved the thermal stability of PUFs as well as their mechanical properties. From this work the suitability of CG and/or POL derived PUFs as sound absorbing materials has been proven. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Materials Science; Polymer Science


Gama, N; Silva, R; Carvalho, APO; Ferreira, A; Barros-Timmons, A

nossos autores


This work was developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (FCT Ref. UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. Thermal Analysis Laboratory was funded by FEDER Funds through Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade - COMPETE and by National Funds through FCT under the project REEQ/515/CTM/2005. The authors would also like to acknowledge Bioportdiesel and Dow Chemical for kindly supplying crude glycerol and isocyanate, respectively.

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