Versatile Coordination Polymer Catalyst for Acid Reactions Involving Biobased Heterocyclic Chemicals
authors Antunes, MM; Mendes, RF; Paz, FAA; Valente, AA
nationality International
journal CATALYSTS
author keywords biomass; furfural; furfuryl alcohol; glycerol; benzaldehyde; acid catalysis; coordination polymer
keywords ETHYL LEVULINATE BIOFUEL; BIO-ADDITIVE FUELS; ONE-STEP SYNTHESIS; FURFURYL ALCOHOL; SOLID ACID; EFFICIENT CONVERSION; GLYCEROL CARBONATE; CYCLIC ACETALS; CRUDE GLYCEROL; LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
abstract The chemical valorization/repurposing of biomass-derived chemicals contributes to a biobased economy. Furfural (Fur) is a recognized platform chemical produced from renewable lignocellulosic biomass, and furfuryl alcohol (FA) is its most important application. The aromatic aldehydes Fur and benzaldehyde (Bza) are commonly found in the slate of compounds produced via biomass pyrolysis. On the other hand, glycerol (Gly) is a by-product of the industrial production of biodiesel, derived from fatty acid components of biomass. This work focuses on acid catalyzed routes of Fur, Bza, Gly and FA, using a versatile crystalline lamellar coordination polymer catalyst, namely [Gd(H(4)nmp)(H2O)(2)]Cl center dot 2H(2)O (1) [H(6)nmp=nitrilotris(methylenephosphonic acid)] synthesized via an ecofriendly, relatively fast, mild microwave-assisted approach (in water, 70 degrees C/40 min). This is the first among crystalline coordination polymers or metal-organic framework type materials studied for the Fur/Gly and Bza/Gly reactions, giving heterobicyclic products of the type dioxolane and dioxane, and was also effective for the FA/ethanol reaction. 1 was stable and promoted the target catalytic reactions, selectively leading to heterobicyclic dioxane and dioxolane type products in the Fur/Gly and Bza/Gly reactions (up to 91% and 95% total yields respectively, at 90 degrees C/4 h), and, on the other hand, 2-(ethoxymethyl)furan and ethyl levulinate from heterocyclic FA.
publisher MDPI
isbn 2073-4344
year published 2021
volume 11
issue 2
digital object identifier (doi) 10.3390/catal11020190
web of science category 24
subject category Chemistry, Physical
unique article identifier WOS:000622305500001
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 3.52
5 year journal impact factor 3.708
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 59.434
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