Tuning the Behavior of a Hydrotalcite-Supported Sulfonated Bithiophene from Aggregation-Caused Quenching to Efficient Monomer Luminescence
authors Delgado-Pinar, E; Costa, AL; Goncalves, IS; Pineiro, M; Pillinger, M; de Melo, JSS
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
keywords LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES; HYBRID SOLAR-CELLS; SUPRAMOLECULAR ORGANIZATION; PHOTOPHYSICS; DYNAMICS; OLIGOTHIOPHENES; SPECTROSCOPY; FLUORESCENT; SURFACTANT; LIFETIMES
abstract The synthesis, electronic spectral, and photo-physical properties of a new bithiophene derivative, (2,2'-bithiophene)-3,5,5'-trisulfonic acid, alpha 2-SO3H, were investigated in organic or aqueous solution, in neat oil form, and in the solid state by cointercalation with different amounts of the surfactant 1-heptanesulfonate (HS) into a layered double hydroxide (LDH). In solution the fluorescence quantum yield (phi(F)) of alpha 2-SO3H increases by 1 order of magnitude when compared to the unsubstituted bithiophene (alpha 2) counterpart. However, the most dramatic change is obtained when alpha 2-SO3H is incorporated with HS into a Zn,Al-LDH, where values of phi(F) up to 58% are obtained in comparison with values of 4% for neat alpha 2-SO3H (as an oil) and 2% for an LDH containing only alpha 2-SO3H. In the solid state (LDH), in addition to the monomeric form of alpha 2-SO3H, H- and other types of aggregates are present, which are found to be dependent on the percentage HS content. Time-resolved fluorescence studies further rationalize this behavior with single and double exponential decays mirroring the contributions of monomers and aggregates. The study validates a strategy of increasing fluorescence in the solid state by introduction of electrodonating groups and isolation of the alpha 2-SO3H units within the LDH structure with an appropriate surfactant (HS).
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 1932-7447
isbn 1932-7455
year published 2021
volume 125
issue 15
beginning page 8294
ending page 8303
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c00240
web of science category 10
subject category Chemistry, Physical; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
unique article identifier WOS:000644438400028

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