Visible-light activation of carbon-supported BiVO4 photocatalysts


Bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) has gained attention for several applications, including photocatalysis applied to water purification technologies. This applies to the most stable polymorph (monoclinic scheelite), exhibiting photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation. However, this semiconductor presents some limitations, namely the cost and low adsorption capacity for organic pollutants. Finding green chemical strategies aiming at a more sustainable use of this semiconductor is the subject of the present research. By the hydrothermal carbonization of κ-carrageenan, a biopolymer extracted from red seaweeds, we describe the preparation of monoclinic BiVO4 supported on carbon spheres. These hybrid materials show visible-light photocatalytic activity to remove tetracycline (TC) in water through a hydroxyl radical mechanism. The hybrid photocatalysts feature adequate wavelength range for photon harvesting, good adsorption capacity, durability, and the ability to reuse in subsequent catalytic steps, thus making them less costly and more sustainable.


Joana L. Lopes; Ana C. Estrada; Sara Fateixa; Nikolai A. Sobolev; Ana L. Daniel-da-Silva; Tito Trindade

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