Plasmonic immunosensors based on spoon-shaped waveguides for fast and on-site ultra-low detection of ochratoxin A in coffee samples


The high toxicity and occurrence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in grains and foods has been a growing concern due to the impacts on health and the economy in many countries. In this sense, simplified devices with high sensitivity and specificity for local monitoring are enthusiastically pursued. In this work, we report for the first time the detection of ochratoxin A in coffee samples using a spoon-shaped waveguide immunosensor. The biosensor was built with the surface of the spoon-shaped waveguide covered by a 60 nm layer of gold to enable the SPR phenomenon. The measurements indicated a linear relationship between the change in the SPR phenomenon values and the OTA concentration in the range from 0.2 ppt to 5 ppt. When analyzed in coffee samples, the biosensor was highly selective and did not suffer matrix interference. The developed biosensor represents a promising analytical device for coffee quality analyses, as it is portable, simple, and suitable for onsite detection of target analytes.


Thais de Andrade Silva, Francesco Arcadio, Luigi Zeni, Roberto Martins, Jairo Pinto de Oliveira, Carlos Marques, Nunzio Cennamo

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