Development and properties of a glass made from MSWI bottom ash


A uniform shiny black-coloured glass was obtained using bottom ash produced by a Portuguese municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI). The bottom ash was the single batch material used in the formation of the glass, which was obtained by vitrification of the solid waste at 1400 degrees C for 2 h. Under these conditions, a homogeneous melt with an appropriate viscosity to be shaped wits obtained, indicating the suitability of this waste material to be employed in the development of vitreous products, The characterization of the resulting glass was performed in order to assess its structural, physical, mechanical, thermal and chemical features, The glass had a density of 2.69 g cm(-3), a hardness of 5.5 GPa, a fracture strength of 75 Wit, a thermal expansion coefficient of 9.5 x 10 (6)degrees C (1) and it exhibited a very good chemical stability. In summary, the MSWI bottom ash glass has good mechanical and chemical properties and may, therefore, be used in several applications, particularly as a construction material. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Monteiro, RCC; Alendouro, SJG; Figueiredo, FML; Ferro, MC; Fernandes, MHV

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