Microstructural characterization and properties of a glass and a glass-ceramic made from municipal incinerator bottom ash


A glass was made using bottom ash produced by a Portuguese municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator. The bottom ash was the single batch material used in the formation of the glass, which was obtained through a conventional melt-quenching method. The glass was then converted to glass-ceramic for further recycling to construction materials. After submitting the glass samples to several heat treatments, between 820 and 1050degreesC and during different times, it was verified that the optimum heat treatment schedule for the ceramization of the glass was at 1000degreesC for 10h, as confirmed by microstructural observation and by X-ray diffraction. The major crystalline phases precipitated in the glass-ceramic were wollastonite (CaSiO(3)) and diopside (Ca(Mg,Al)(Si,Al)(2)O(6)). Microstructural analysis of the glass-ceramic revealed that the crystalline phases were present as dendrites and fiber-like structures that were homogeneously distributed in the material. The glass-ceramic showed good mechanical properties with a hardness of 5.6 MPa and a bending strength of 101 MPa. This material had a density of 2.8 gcm(-3) and a thermal expansion coefficient of 9.10(-6) degreesC(-1). The glass and the glass-ceramic showed an excellent chemical stability against leaching in acidic solution and in alkaline solution. In summary, both the glass and the glass-ceramic have good chemical and mechanical properties and can, therefore, be applied as construction materials.




Materials Science


Alendouro, MSJG; Monteiro, RCC; Figueirdo, CFML; Martins, RMS; Silva, RJC; Ferro, MC; Fernandes, MHV

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