Surface Modification of Cellulose Fibers


This chapter describes the most recent contributions to the realm of cellulose fiber modification, starting with a brief description of the materials and characterization techniques used in this context. The surface modification strategies are then reviewed, including the coupling with acids and anhydrides, the grafting with siloxanes, isocyanates and the grafting-from via free-radical initiation or ring opening polymerization, as well as the surface activation of the fibers by physical agents. The modification by admicellar configurations, the preparation of cellulose–inorganic particle hybrid materials and self-reinforced composites, are also discussed. All systems are assessed in terms of the specific type of application envisaged for the modified fibers, namely (i) as reinforcing elements in macromolecular matrices (composite materials); (ii) in textiles and (iii) for trapping organic pollutants.


Naceur BM, Alessandro G

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