Silvar Kallip

Assistant Researcher


2002 – 2006 PhD  Surface structure of some bismuth and antimony single crystal electrodes. University of Tartu, Faculty of Physics and Chemistry 2006.

2000 – 2002 MSc  University of Tartu, Faculty of Physics and Chemistry 2002. Investigation of Bi and Sb single crystal electrodes by Scanning Probe Microscopy.

1996 – 2000 BSc  University of Tartu, Faculty of Physics and Chemistry 2000. Single crystal Bi and Sb surface studied by SPM

Previous activity and current status

01/2014 - assistant researcher University of Aveiro, Department of Materials and Ceramics Engineering / CICECO; Portugal
02/2010 - 12/2013
postdoctoral fellow (FCT) University of Aveiro, Department of Materials and Ceramics Engineering / CICECO; Portugal
9/2008 - 01/2010 postdoctoral fellow University of Aveiro, Department of Materials and Ceramics Engineering / CICECO; Portugal
09/2007 - 08/2008 senior research fellow University of Tartu, Institute of Chemistry; Estonia
2004 - 08/2007 research fellow University of Tartu, Institute of Physical Chemistry; Estonia

Current Activities

- Synergistic corrosion inhibitor systems for multimaterial galvanic assemblies.
- Mechanisms of corrosion inhibition.
- Development of localized scanning probe electrochemical techniques for corrosion research.
- “Smart” multi-functional surfaces based on active nanocontainers.
- "Self-healing” and nanostructured corrosion protection coatings.

Selected Publications

1. E. Lust, S. Kallip, P. Möller, A. Jänes, V. Sammelselg, P. Miidla, M. Väärtnõu and K. Lust, Influence of surface charge density on the electrochemically derived surface roughness of Bi electrodes, J. Electrochem. Soc. 150 (2003) E175-E184.
2. S. Kallip, P. Laukkanen, A. Jänes, V. Sammelselg, J. Väyrynen, P. Miidla, E. Lust, Investigation of the surface topography and double layer characteristics of variously pre-treated antimony single crystal electrodes, Surf. Sci. 532-535 (2003) 1121-1126.
3. E. Lust, G. Nurk, A. Jänes, M. Arulepp, P. Nigu, L. Permann, P. Möller, S. Kallip, V. Sammelselg, Electrochemical properties of nanoporous carbon electrodes in various nonaqueous electrolytes, J. Solid State Electrochem. 7 (2003) 91-105
4. E. Lust, G. Nurk, P. Möller, I. Kivi, S. Kallip, A. Janes, V. Sammelselg, H. Mändar, Electrochemical Impedance Characteristics of Some Medium Temperature Semicells for SOFC, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII, Paris, France, Electrochemical Society Series 2003, 1176-1185.
5. S. Kallip, E. Lust, In situ STM studies of Bi (111) electrodes in aqueous electrolyte solutions, Electrochem. Comm. 7 (2005) 863-867.
6. E. Lust, G. Nurk, S. Kallip, I. Kivi, P. Möller, Electrochemical characteristics of Ce0.8Gd0,2O1.9 | La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-? + Ce0.8Gd0,2O1.9 half-cell, J. Solid State Electrochem 9 (2005) 674-683.
7. E. Lust, P. Möller, I. Kivi, G. Nurk, S. Kallip, Electrochemical characteristics of La0.6Sr0.4CoO3 ?, Pr0.6Sr0.4CoO3 ? and Gd0.6Sr0.4CoO3 ? on Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 electrolyte, J. Solid State Electrochem 9 (2005) 882-889.
8. E. Lust, P. Möller, I. Kivi, G. Nurk, S. Kallip, P. Nigu, K. Lust, Optimisation of the cathode composition for the intermediate temperature SOFC, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152 (2005) A2306-A2308.
9. G. Nurk, R. Küngas, I. Kivi, H. Kurig, V. Grozovski, S. Kallip, E. Lust, Influence of mesoporosity of the anode on the characteristics of mediumtemperature SOFC single cells, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 10 (SOFC-X), PTS 1 and 2, ECS Transactions 7 (2007) 1609 – 1616.
10. E. Lust, I. Kivi, G. Nurk, P. Möller, S. Kallip, V. Grozovski, H. Kurig, Influence of Cathode Porosity and Potential on Oxygen Reduction Kinetics at Intermediate Temperature SOFCs Cathodes, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 10 (SOFC-X), PTS 1 and 2, ECS Transactions 12 (2007) 1071 – 1080.
11. S. Kallip, H. Kasuk, V. Grozovski, P. Möller, E. Lust, Adsorption of camphor and 2,2’-bipyridine on Bi(111) electrode surface, Electrochimica Acta 53 (2008) 4035-4045.
12. T. Romann, S. Kallip, V. Sammelselg, E. Lust, Bismuth microelectrode system with in situ renewable surface for electroanalysis and adsorption studies, Electrochem. Comm 10 (2008) 1008-1011.
13. R. Jäger, S. Kallip, V. Grozovski, K. Lust, E. Lust, Electroreduction of S2O82- anions on chemically etched and electrochemically polished Bi(111) electrode, J. Electroanal. Chem. 622 (2008) 79-89.
14. I. Kivi, P. Möller, H. Kurig, S. Kallip, G. Nurk, E. Lust, Development of porous cathode powders for SOFC and influence of cathode structure on the oxygen electroreduction kinetics, Electrochem. Comm. 10 (2008) 1455-1458.
15. A. Sarapuu, S. Kallip, A. Kasikov, L. Matisen, K. Tammeveski, Electroreduction of oxygen on gold-supported thin Pt films in acid solutions, J. Electroanal. Chem. 624 (2008) 144-150.
16. E. Lust, G. Nurk, I. Kivi, R. Küngas, P. Moller, H. Kurig, S. Kallip, Influence of Cathode Porosity on the Characteristics of Medium-Temperature SOFC Single Cells, Fuel Cell Seminr 2007, ECS Transactions 12 (2008) 293-302.
17. T. Romann, E. Anderson, S. Kallip, H. Mändar, L. Matisen, E. Lust, Electroless deposition of bismuth on Si(111) wafer from hydrogen fluoride solutions, Thin Solid Films 518 (2010) 3690-3693.
18. M. Marandi, S. Kallip, V. Sammelselg, J. Tamm, AFM study of the adsorption of pyrrole and formation of the polypyrrole film on gold surface, Electrochem. Comm 12 (2010) 854-858.
19. S. Kallip, A.C. Bastos, M.L. Zheludkevich, M.G.S. Ferreira, A multi-electrode cell for high-throughput SVET screening of corrosion inhibitors, Corrosion Science, 52 (2010) 3146-3149.
20. D. Snihirova, S.V. Lamaka, M. Taryba, A.N. Salak, S. Kallip, M.L. Zheludkevich, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.F. Montemor, Hydroxyapatite Microparticles as Feedback-Active Reservoirs of Corrosion Inhibitors, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2010, 2 (11), pp 3011–3022.
21. M. L. Zheludkevich, J. Tedim, C. S. R. Freire, S. C. M. Fernandes, S. Kallip, A. Lisenkov, A. Gandini and M. G. S. Ferreira, Self-healing protective coatings with “green” chitosan based pre-layer reservoir of corrosion inhibitor, J. Mater. Chem. 21 (2011) 4805-4812.
22. M. Marandi, S. Kallip, L. Matisen, J. Tamm, V. Sammelselg, Formation of nanometric polypyrrole films on Au (1 1 1): A STM, SEM and XPS study, Synth. Met. 162 (2012) 162– 170.
23. S. Kallip, A.C. Bastos, K.A. Yasakau, M.L. Zheludkevich, M.G.S. Ferreira, Synergistic corrosion inhibition on galvanically coupled metallic materials, Electrochem. Comm, 20 (2012) 101-104.
24. V. Grozovski, S. Kallip, E. Lust In situ STM studies of Sb(111) electrodes in aqueous electrolyte solutions, Surf. Sci. 613 (2013) 108-113
25. HW. Shi, EH. Han, FC. Liu, S. Kallip, Protection of 2024-T3 aluminium alloy by corrosion resistant phytic acid conversion coating, Appl. Surf. Sci. 280 (2013) 325-331.
26. K.A. Yasakau, S. Kallip, M.L. Zheludkevich, M.G.S. Ferreira, Active corrosion protection of AA2024 by sol-gel coatings with cerium molybdate nanowires, Electrochim. Acta 112 (2013) 236-246.
27. E. Anderson, V. Grozovski, L. Siinor, C. Siimenson, V. Ivanistsev, K. Lust, S. Kallip, E. Lust, Influence of the electrode potential and in situ STM scanning conditionson the phase boundary structure of the single crystal Bi(111)|1-butyl-4-metylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate interface, J. Electroanal. Chem. 709 (2013) 46-56.
28. V. Grozovski, H. Kasuk, S. Kallip, E. Lust, Adsorption of thiourea on Bi(111) electrode surface, J.Electroanal. Chem. 712 (2014) 103-112.
29. M. Serdechnova, S. Kallip, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.L. Zheludkevich, Active self-healing coating for galvanically coupled multimaterial assemblies, Electrochem. Comm. 41 (2014) 51-54


Active corrosion protection for industrial multi-material assemblies (IF/00856/2013/CP1162/CT0019)

CoordinatorFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia

Corrosion adn corrosion protection in multi-material systems (PTDC/CTM/108446/2008)

PartnerFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Corrosion Composite Materials Inhibitor Metals

Multifunctional nanostructured conversion films based on Layered Double hydroxides for corrosion protection of aeronautical structures (PTDC/CTM-MAT/1515/2012)

PartnerFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Conversion films layered double hydroxides active corrosion protection controlled released

NANEL - Functional ordered NANomaterials via ELectrochemical routes in non-aqueous electrolytes (NANEL)

PartnerEuropean Comission
The NANEL joint exchange project aims to establish long-lasting research cooperation between Portuguese, Bulgarian, Belgian, Belarusian and Russian scientists in the field of electrochemical synthesis of advanced nanostructured materials. The collaborative consortium joins together a critical mass of the expertise available in the involved group...

NANOMAR - Nanocontainer-based active coatings for maritime applications (NANOMAR)

PartnerEuropean Comission
NANOMAR project aims at establishing long-lasting scientific collaboration network between European research institutions and scientists from two BRIC countries, namely Brasil and Russian Federation. The collaboration will be established on the basis of synergistic combination of the complementary expertises targeting in development of novel “sm...

PROAIR - Active PROtection of multi-material assemblies for AIRcrafts (PROAIR)

Local CoordinatorEuropean Comission
The proposal is devoted to development of the novel active corrosion protection systems for multi-material combinations used in the aircraft design. The development of such new approaches is only possible via deep mechanistic investigation of the degradation processes in confined environments formed at multi-material joints. The second essential...

SARISTU - Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU)

PartnerEuropean Comission
SARISTU (Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures) focuses on the cost reduction of air travel through a variety of individual applications as well as their combination. For the first time ever in smart material concepts, SARISTU offers the opportunity to virtually and physically assess the interaction of different technological solutions and their...

SISET - Enhancing Scanning Ion-Selective Electrode Technique (SISET)

PartnerEuropean Comission
The SISET joint exchange programme aims to establish long-term research cooperation between Portuguese, Belgian, Belarusian and Chinese scientists in the field of instrumental techniques for corrosion science. Collaboration brings together the experts from conventional and localized electro analytical techniques, electro chemical modeling, corro...


Atomic layer deposition of nanometric alumina for corrosion protection of heterogeneous metallic surfaces - The case of aeronautical grade aluminium alloy 2024-T3

Oliveira, MP; Silva, RM; Yasakau, KA; Bastos, A; Kallip, S; Zheludkevich, ML; Silva, RF; Ferreira, MGS

Modification of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) surface with sodium dodecyl sulphate for mitigation of cathodic activity

Ofoegbu, SU; Yasakau, K; Kallip, S; Nogueira, HIS; Ferreira, MGS; Zheludkevich, ML
2019, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 478, 924-936.
ISBN: 1873-5584

Corrosion Inhibition and Acceleration by Rare Earth Ions in Galvanic Couples

Oliveira, M; Bastos, AC; Kallip, S; Hack, T; Zheludkevich, ML; Ferreira, MGS
ISBN: 1945-7111

A novel bilayer system comprising LDH conversion layer and sol-gel coating for active corrosion protection of AA2024

Yasakau, KA; Kuznetsova, A; Kallip, S; Starykevich, M; Tedim, J; Ferreira, MGS; Zheludkevich, ML
2018, CORROSION SCIENCE, 143, 299-313.

Active corrosion protection coating for a ZE41 magnesium alloy created by combining PEO and sol-gel techniques

Ivanou, DK; Yasakau, KA; Kallip, S; Lisenkov, AD; Starykevich, M; Lamaka, SV; Ferreira, MGS; Zheludkevich, ML
2016, RSC ADVANCES, 6, 15, 12553-12560.

Corrosion protection of AA2024 by sol-gel coatings modified with MBT-loaded polyurea microcapsules

Maia, F; Yasakau, KA; Carneiro, J; Kallip, S; Tedim, J; Henriques, T; Cabral, A; Venancio, J; Zheludkevich, ML; Ferreira, MGS

Corrosion protection of AA2024-T3 by LDH conversion films. Analysis of SVET results

Tedim, J; Bastos, AC; Kallip, S; Zheludkevich, ML; Ferreira, MGS
2016, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 210, 215-224.

High-density antimicrobial peptide coating with broad activity and low cytotoxicity against human cells

Rai, A; Pinto, S; Evangelista, MB; Gil, H; Kallip, S; Ferreira, MGS; Ferreira, L
2016, ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, 33, 64-77.

Initial stages of localized corrosion at cut-edges of adhesively bonded Zn and Zn-Al-Mg galvanized steel

Yasakau, KA; Kallip, S; Lisenkov, A; Ferreira, MGS; Zheludkevich, ML
2016, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 211, 126-141.

Sealing of tartaric sulfuric (TSA) anodized AA2024 with nanostructured LDH layers

Kuznetsov, B; Serdechnova, M; Tedim, J; Starykevich, M; Kallip, S; Oliveira, MP; Hack, T; Nixon, S; Ferreira, MGS; Zheludkevich, ML
2016, RSC ADVANCES, 6, 17, 13942-13952.

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