Subacute Effects of the Thiodicarb Pesticide on Target Organs of Male Wistar Rats: Biochemical, Histological, and Flow Cytometry Studies


Thiodicarb, a carbamate pesticide widely used on crops, may pose several environmental and health concerns. This study aimed to explore its toxicological profile on male rats using hematological, biochemical, histopathological, and flow cytometry markers. Exposed animals were dosed daily at 10, 20, or 40 mg/kg/body weight (group A, B, and C, respectively) during 30 d. No significant changes were observed in hematological parameters among all groups. After 10 d, a decrease of total cholesterol levels was noted in rats exposed to 40 mg/kg. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity increased (group A at 20 d; groups A and B at 30 d) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (group B at 30 d) activity significantly reduced. At 30 d a decrease of some of the other evaluated parameters was observed with total cholesterol and urea levels in group A as well as total protein and creatinine levels in groups A and B. Histological results demonstrated multi-organ dose-related damage in thiodicarb-exposed animals, evidenced as hemorrhagic and diffuse vacuolation in hepatic tissue; renal histology showed disorganized glomeruli and tubular cell degeneration; spleen was ruptured with white pulp and clusters of iron deposits within red pulp; significant cellular loss was noted at the cortex of thymus; and degenerative changes were observed within testis. The histopathologic alterations were most prominent in the high-dose group. Concerning flow cytometry studies, an increase of lymphocyte number, especially T lymphocytes, was seen in blood samples from animals exposed to the highest dose. Taken together, these results indicate marked systemic organ toxicity in rats after subacute exposure to thiodicarb.



subject category

Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Toxicology


Dias, E; Gomes, M; Domingues, C; Ramalheira, E; Morais, S; Pereira, MD

our authors


This work was partially funded by CICECO (Aveiro University) under Pest-C/CTM/LA0011/2011-FCT. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial assistance received from Horiba ABX, SAS (Portugal) and Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics (Portugal) for kindly provided chemicals for hematological and biochemical studies, respectively.

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