Understanding the Formation of CaAl2Si2O8 in Melilite-Based Glass-Ceramics: Combined Diffraction and Spectroscopic Studies


An assessment is undertaken for the formation of anorthite crystalline phase in a melilite-based glass composition (CMAS: 38.7CaO-9.7MgO-12.9Al(2)O(3)-38.7SiO(2) mol %), used as a sealing material in solid oxide fuel cells, in view of the detrimental effect of anorthite on the sealing properties. Several advanced characterization techniques are employed to assess the material after prolonged heat treatment, including neutron powder diffraction (ND), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Si-29 and Al-27 magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR), and in situ Raman spectroscopy. ND, Si-29 MAS-NMR, and Al-27 MAS-NMR results revealed that both Si and Al adopt tetrahedral coordination and participate in the formation of the network structure. In situ XRD measurements for the CMAS glass demonstrate the thermal stability of the glass structure up to 850 degrees C. Further heat treatment up to 900 degrees C initiates the precipitation of melilite, a solid solution of akermanite/gehlenite crystalline phase. Qualitative XRD data for glass-ceramics (GCs) produced after heat treatment at 850 degrees C for 500 h revealed the presence of anorthite along with the melilite crystalline phase. Rietveld refinement of XRD data indicated a high fraction of glassy phase (similar to 67%) after the formation of crystalline phases. The Si-29 MAS-NMR spectra for the CMAS-GC suggest the presence of structural units in the remaining glassy phase with a polymerization degree higher than dimer units, whereas the Al-27 MAS-NMR spectra revealed that most Al3+ cations exhibit a 4-fold coordination. In situ Raman spectroscopy data indicate that the formation of anorthite crystalline phase initiated after 240 h of heat treatment at 850 degrees C owing to the interaction between the gehlenite crystals and the remaining glassy phase.



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Allu, AR; Balaji, S; Tulyaganov, DU; Mather, GC; Margit, F; Pascual, MJ; Siegel, R; Milius, W; Senker, J; Agarkov, DA; Kharton, VV; Ferreira, JMF

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This work was developed in the scope of the CICECO. Aveiro Institute of Materials (UID/CTM/50011/2013) project and partially funded by FEDER funds through the Operational Programme Competitiveness Factors (COMPETE 2020) and the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). A.R.A. and S.B. gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the FCT for the fellowship grant SFRH/BD/89915/2012 and Budapest Neutron Centre, Hungary, for allotting the beam time and financial support during his visit (BRR_407) under NMI3-II program. A.R.A. would like to thank Dr., K. Muraleedharan, Director, CSIR. CGCRI, and Dr., Ranjan Sen, Head, Glass Division, for their support and encouragement. The work of the ISSP RAS team was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project 14.B25.31.0018) and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 13-03-12409).

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