Investigation of the effect of temperature on growth mechanism of nanocrystalline ZnS thin films


In this paper the temperature effect on the growth mechanism of ZnS thin films prepared in a chemical bath containing zinc acetate, ethylenediamine, and thioacetamide aqueous solutions has been studied in the temperature range between 25 and 75 degrees C. These ZnS thin films possess a nanocrystalline structure, exhibit quantum size effects due to the small crystal size and produce a blue shift in the optical spectra. This blue shift was attributed to a decrease in crystal size by using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The growth mechanism of the thin films is suggested to proceed by two fundamental steps: in the first step, the ZnS nanocrystallites coalesce into small grains through homogeneous nucleation in the solution phase. In the second step, eventually, these small grains or large-sized clusters diffuse and stick to the surface of the substrate to form the ZnS thin film, in a way called a cluster-by-cluster manner, resulting in particulate thin film. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



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Materials Science; Physics


Sahraei, R; Aval, GM; Baghizadeh, A; Lamehi-Rachti, M; Goudarzi, A; Ara, MHM

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