Toward Modeling the Aromatic/Aliphatic Separation by Extractive Distillation with Tricyanomethanide-Based Ionic Liquids Using CPA EoS


Extractive distillation using tricyanomethanide-based ionic liquids (ILs) has been shown to be a promising and feasible process for effectively separate aromatics from pyrolysis gasolines. The high performance of these mass agents has been reported by evaluating simple synthetic n-heptane/toluene binary mixtures, on a wide temperature and solvent to feed (S/F) ratio ranges. However, industrial streams are much more complex with the presence of other aromatic and aliphatic compounds, like benzene, xylenes, and shorter and longer linear alkanes, creating further difficulties to the separation and thus must be studied. This work covers the phase equilibrium characterization of {n-hexane + benzene + IL} and {n-octane + p-xylene + IL} ternary systems with two tricyanomethanide-based ILs, namely 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethanide ([C(2)C(1)im][TCM]) and 1-butyl-4-methylpyridinium tricyanomethanide ([4-C(4)C(1)py][TCM]), addressing also the phase characterization of the corresponding {hydrocarbon + IL} binary systems. The phase equilibria were determined by headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC) in a wide range of hydrocarbon compositions, temperatures and S/F ratios and modeled using the Cubic Plus Association (CPA) Equation of State (EoS). This is the first work proposing a consistent EoS model for a multicomponent separation case involving ILs, demonstrating its suitability for a wide range of conditions in binary and ternary systems.



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Ayuso, M; Navarro, P; Palma, AM; Larriba, M; Delgado-Mellado, N; Garcia, J; Rodriguez, F; Coutinho, JAP; Carvalho, PJ

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This work was developed in the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (ref. FCT UID/CTM/50011/2019) funded by FEDER through COMPETE2020 -Programa Operational Competitividade e Internacionalizacao (POCI) and by national funds through FCT Fundacao para a Crencia e a Tecnologia. We are also grateful to Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain and Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid for financial support of Projects CTQ2017-85340-R and S2013/MAE-2800, respectively. P.N. and P.J.C. also thank FCT for awarding their postdoctoral grant (SFRH/BPD/117084/2016) and contract under the Investigator FCT 2015 (IF/00758/2015), respectively. N.D.-M. also thanks MINECO for awarding her an FPI grant (BES-2015-072855). M.L thanks Ministerio de Eduacion Cultura y Deporte of Spain for awarding him a Jose Castillejo postdoctoral mobility grant (CAS17/00018). We thank Infochem-KBC for the Multiflash program used for the CPA EoS calculations.

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