Iron-based catalyst (Fe2-xNixTiO5) for tar decomposition in biomass gasification
authors Ruivo, LCM; Pio, DT; Yaremchenko, AA; Tarelho, LAC; Frade, JR; Kantarelis, E; Engvall, K
nationality International
journal FUEL
author keywords Biomass; Gasification; Tar reforming; Iron catalysis; Ilmenite
keywords FLUIDIZED-BED GASIFICATION; NI-BASED CATALYSTS; REFORMING CATALYST; BREAKDOWN CATALYST; RAW GAS; NICKEL; MODEL; ADSORPTION; METHANE; ELIMINATION
abstract In this study, a novel Fe2-xNixTiO5 catalyst for potential applications in biomass gasification gas cleaning/ upgrading was investigated. The material was successfully synthesized through combined mechanical activation and microwave firing. Catalytic steam reforming was studied in a fixed bed tubular reactor, using a mixture of toluene and naphthalene as model tar compounds as well as downstream a fluidized bed gasifier. Fe2-xNixTiO5 catalyst showed high activity in converting the model compounds at temperatures higher than 700 degrees C. The catalyst exhibited a tar conversion of 78% at 800 degrees C when exposed to biomass-derived gas from a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier. Nevertheless, the catalytic activity declined with increased time on stream due to structural changes in iron active phases, caused by redox conditions of the producer gas. Furthermore, thermodynamic calculations suggest that sulfur chemisorption on the nickel surface, may also contribute to the catalyst deactivation.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0016-2361
isbn 1873-7153
year published 2021
volume 300
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.fuel.2021.120859
web of science category 12
subject category Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical
unique article identifier WOS:000659194100008

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