Microstructural design of cellular 3 YTZ-Al2O3 ceramic membranes


Porous 3 YTZ-Al2O3 membranes were processed aiming controlled cellular microstructures for potential sepa-ration and electrochemical applications. The processing method relies on emulsification of mixed suspensions of Al2O3 and 3 YTZ powders in sunflower oil. Taguchi experimental planning was used to seek guidelines for optimization of microstructural and structural characteristics, including porosity, phase composition and percolation of resulting membranes. Effects of alumina content, oil:suspension ratio, firing temperature and 2 step firing were evaluated by a correlation matrix and multivariate fitting. This analysis provided interpretation for prevailing effects on open and closed porosity, relative porosity loss during firing, and relevant micro structural and structural effects. The results demonstrate that the content of alumina plays key effects on partial transformation of tetragonal to monoclinic zirconia and on cell size. Percolation was analyzed by impedance spectroscopy, revealing that it is determined by series association of resistance to transport across the open cells and internal interfaces, ascribed to interruptions of open cell paths.



subject category

Materials Science, Ceramics


Ivanova, YA; Lopes, DV; Durana, E; Lisenkov, A; Frade, JR; Kovalevsky, AV

our authors


This research was supported by the European Commission (project SIDERWIN-DLV-768788 - Horizon 2020/SPIRE10), and projects SusPhotoSolutions (Centro-01-0145-FEDER-000005) and CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials (UIDB/50011/2020 & UIDP/50011/2020) financed by national funds through the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology/MCTES. DVL also acknowledges her FCT grant PD/BD/114106/2015.

Share this project:

Related Publications

We use cookies for marketing activities and to offer you a better experience. By clicking “Accept Cookies” you agree with our cookie policy. Read about how we use cookies by clicking "Privacy and Cookie Policy".