Evaluation of the calibration errors on cooling of a differential scanning calorimeter using different sets of standard metals


The temperature calibration on cooling of thermal analysis instruments is important for the accurate study of the non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of semi-crystalline polymers. In previous works, a methodology was proposed for performing the calibration on cooling of differential scanning calorimeters (DSCs) with standard metals, and the calibration errors were checked using transitions of high-purity liquid crystals. In this work, alternative, physically meaningful, procedures for carrying out the calibration on cooling are analyzed and validated. The calibration errors are evaluated also with liquid crystalline transitions, when the calibration is performed with standard metals, in a wide temperature range, and when due account is taken for the need of isothermal corrections to the temperature measurements. It is shown that any pair of standard metals may be used to calibrate on cooling, that the calibration errors increase for wider working temperature ranges and that, providing that certain conditions are fulfilled, both calibration procedures yield similar results. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V, All rights reserved.



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Thermodynamics; Chemistry


Malheiro, MJA; Martins, JA; Pinto, JJCC

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