The limitations of the cloud point measurement techniques and the influence of the oil composition on its detection
authors Coutinho, JAP; Daridon, JL
nationality International
journal PETROLEUM SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
author keywords cloud point; wax; paraffins; wax appearance temperature
keywords DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETRY; WAX APPEARANCE TEMPERATURES; FILTER PLUGGING POINT; CRUDE OILS; FUEL BLENDS; PREDICTION; MODEL; CRYSTALLIZATION; PRECIPITATION; DEPOSITION
abstract In the petroleum industry, cloud points are one of the main guides to evaluate the wax precipitation potential of a fluid. The planning of the exploration of a reservoir or the design of its pipelines are based on the measured cloud points for the reservoir oil. It is known that each measuring technique will provide a different cloud point temperature, yet although some of these techniques seem to be more accurate than others, no definite conclusion was established on how cloud points should be measured. On this work, several cloud point measurement techniques are discussed and compared. It will be shown that some of these techniques, such as viscosity, filter plugging, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) can only be used under very favorable circumstances, but it will be argued that because every technique requires some finite, often large, amount of solid to detect the presence of a new phase, the cloud point, defined as the temperature for which the first solid appears in the oil, is not accessible experimentally, and unless a very detailed compositional analysis is available, it is also impossible to predict it accurately with a thermodynamic model. The effect of the paraffin distribution in the oils on the cloud point detection will be discussed, and it will be shown how the compositional information can be used to assess the uncertainty of the measured cloud points.
publisher TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
issn 1091-6466
year published 2005
volume 23
issue 9-10
beginning page 1113
ending page 1128
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1081/LFT-200035541
web of science category Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical; Engineering, Petroleum
subject category Energy & Fuels; Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000232491500008
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 0.976
5 year journal impact factor 1.016
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 23.755
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