Characterization of dextrin hydrogels by FTIR spectroscopy and solid state NMR spectroscopy


Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and C-13 solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to study dextrin structural changes occurring upon hydrogel formation by vinyl acrylate (VA) grafting and subsequent free radical polymerization. The degrees of VA substitution (DS) and polymerization (DP) were quantified up to 40%VA by FTIR intensity measurements and partial least squares (PLS)/FTIR, the latter being a faster and less error-prone method. Above 40%VA, both parameters are underestimated by FTIR. A spin counting NMR experiment showed high carbon observabilities for hydrogels and improved PLS/NMR models were achieved for DS and DP determination. Alternative NMR integration methods are hindered by the broad VA peaks and need for area correction, due to their CP dynamics. NMR changes in Cl profile showed that a single helical conformation predominates at lower %VA, being replaced by disordered conformations as %VA increases. Furthermore, a correlation FTIR/NMR study indicated that ring conformations are significantly affected in hydrogels, compared to unpolymerized dextrin. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



subject category

Polymer Science


Garcia, H; Barros, AS; Goncalves, C; Gama, FM; Gil, AM

our authors


Funding is acknowledged from the Foundation for Science and Technology, Portugal, for project FOCI/QUl/56229/2004 and grants for H.G. and C.G. (SFRH/22242/2005). The authors also wish to acknowledge CICECO for partial funding of this work.

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