Investigation of structural, electrical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3-Bi(MgTi)O-3-PbTiO3 ceramic system


[(BiFeO3)(y)(BiMg0.5Ti0.5O3)(1-y)](x)[PbTiO3](1-x) (BF-BMT-PT) ceramic powders were prepared by high temperature solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction analysis of the powders suggests the formation of a single-phase material with tetragonal structure. SEM images exhibit the uniform distribution of grains. Polarization vs electric field (P-E) hysteresis studies show maximum remanent polarization (P-r similar to 14 mu C/cm(2)) for composition X = 0.65. Dielectric studies of the compounds as a function of temperature (from RT to 550 degrees C) (test frequency 100 kHz) show that the compounds undergo a diffuse phase transition with a transition temperature increasing with decreasing X. The diffusivity parameter of the phase transition for these compounds yielded values between 1.6 and 1.8 indicating significant variation of degree of disordering in the system. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Chemistry; Materials Science; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering


Rai, R; Kholkin, A; Pandey, S; Singh, NK

our authors


The authors are grateful to Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT) Lisboa for providing financial assistance for this research grant.

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