ZnO nanostructures for photovoltaic cells


In this work the use of different ZnO nanostructures has been studied to assess the effect of morphology and surface modification on the performance of photovoltaic devices ZnO nanostructures (nanoparticles, nanowires and nanofibres) have been produced by different techniques and surface modified with pyrene-1-carboxylic acid (PCA). The materials prepared were characterized by XRD UV-Visible spectroscopy, TEM and SEM. The photovoltaic devices have been prepared in two different configurations glass/ITO/PEDOT PSS/photoactive layer/Al and glass/ITO/ZnO/photo-active layer/PEDOT PSS/Ag paste using spin coating and were characterized by current voltage characteristics measurement under simulated standard illumination conditions. Whilst ZnO nanoparticles yielded the best results, surface modification with PCA resulted in solar cells with higher short circuit current densities but lower open circuit voltage pointing to a better carrier collection but also higher recombination. (c) 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim



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Gonfa, BA; da Cunha, AF; Timmons, AB

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