Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas as adsorbents for the organic pollutants removal in aqueous phase


Heavy organic pollutants such as pesticides and pharmaceuticals are found in wastewater and are difficult to remove by microporous adsorbents because of their large size. Mesoporous organosilicas as potential adsorbents for removal of heavy organic pollutants from aqueous phase are investigated. Propylsulfonic acid-functionalized mesoporous silica (SBA-15-SO3H) and propylsulfonic acid-functionalized periodic mesoporous benzene-silica (Ph-PMO-SO3H) are prepared by co-condensation method. Textural and structural characterizations are conducted by X-ray diffraction, N-2 physisorption, solid state NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and confirmed the structural integrity of the materials. Material adsorption behaviors are studied in pesticide, mesosulfuron methyl (MM), removal from aqueous phase. For all the materials, adsorption kinetics are well described by a pseudo-second order model indicating the chemisorption of the MM molecules via acid-basic interaction of the neutral form. Sorption isotherms are 5-shape isotherms and can be well fitted by the Freundlich model. Ph-PMO-SO3H exhibits higher sorption rate (8.95 mg g(-1) h(-1)) and better sorption capacity (9.70 mg g(-1)) than the mesoporous silica SBA-15-SO3H (4.16 mg g(-1) h(-1), 9.4 mg g(-1)). Furthermore, Ph-PMO-SO3H has also the best MM abatement rates in aqueous phase up to 95% for initial concentrations ranging from 4 to 10 ppm than microporous acidic zeolite (HFAU) (similar to 70%) and mesoporous silica SBA-15-SO3H (similar to 70%). The phenyl groups in sulfonic PMO material seem to enhance organic pollutant adsorption capacity either by reducing wall hydrophilicity or by favoring the interaction with MM phenyl rings. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Inc.




Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science


Ganiyu, SO; Bispo, C; Bion, N; Ferreira, P; Batonneau-Gener, I

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Authors gratefully acknowledge the funding from the Erasmus Mundus Course, IMACS. We are grateful to the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT), Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER), QREN-COMPETE, European Union for funding the research project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-015644 (PTDC/QUI-QUI/113678/2009) and the associate laboratory CICECO FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-037271 (PEst-C/CTM/LA0011/2013).

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