Thermal characterization of polyurethane foams with phase change material


Taking the joint advantages of the thermal insulation capacity of polyurethane foams (PU) and the thermal energy storage capacity of phase change materials (PCMs), it is possible to produce PU composite foams that can be incorporated as a functional layer into buildings components, designed as latent heat thermal energy storage systems (LHTES), that improve the thermal comfort and the energy consumption of buildings. In this work, PU composite foams containing microencapsulated PCMs (mPCMs) were produced by polyol synthesis. The major aim of the present study was to improve the thermal characteristics of PU foams, by incorporating PCMs, taking advantage of their thermal energy storage capacity. The thermal and energy storage properties were evaluated for three different PU composite foams (hard foam without and with melamine and expandable graphite) with the addition of different percentage of mPCMs. The comparative characterization of the energy storage properties of the PU composite foam formulations is measured using a dynamic scan calorimeter and the thermal conductivity using the transient plane heat source method. The addition of flame retardants to the PU foam slightly influenced the latent heat storage capacity of the PU foam with mPCMs and the addition of mPCMs increases the final thermal conductivity. (C) 2017 Portuguese Society of Materials (SPM). Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U.. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Amaral, C; Vicente, R; Eisenblatter, J; Marques, PAAP

nossos autores


This work was developed under the scope of the project: MF-Retrofit - Multifunctional facades of reduced thickness for fast and cost-effective retrofitting [EeB. NMP. 2013-1 Grant Agreement to: 609345] and within the scope of the project CICECO - Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (FCT Ref. UID/CTM/50011/2013) and TEMA - Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation (UID/EMS/00481/2013), CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-022083, financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. Thanks are due to University of Aveiro, FCT/MEC for the financial support to the research Unit RISCO - Aveiro Research Centre of Risks and Sustainability in Construction (FCT/UID/ECI/04450/2013). Paula Marques thanks the grant FCT IF/00917/2013.

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