Phase interaction and oxygen transport in La0.8Sr0.2Fe0.8Co0.2O3 (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 composites


Composite ceramics made of two perovskite-type compounds, (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-delta (LSGM) and La0.8Sr0.2Fe0.8Co0.2O3-delta (LSFC) mixed in the ratio 60:40 wt.%, possess relatively high oxygen permeability limited by both bulk ionic conduction and surface exchange at 700-950 degreesC. Sintering at elevated temperatures (1320-1410 degreesC) necessary to obtain dense materials leads to fast interdiffusion of the components, forming almost single perovskite phase ceramics with local inhomogeneities. This phase interaction decreases the oxygen ionic transport in the composites, where the level of ionic conductivity is intermediate between those of LSGM and LSFC. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) suggests a presence of Ga-enriched domains, probably having a high ionic conductivity. The size and concentration of these domains can be increased by decreasing sintering temperature or using preliminary coarsened LSGM powders. The maximum oxygen permeability is thus observed for the composite prepared under minimum sintering conditions sufficient to,obtain gas-tight ceramics, including the use of LSGM, preliminary passivated at 1150 degreesC, and sintered at 1320 degreesC. The activation energy values for total conductivity, which is predominantly p-type electronic and slightly decreases due to component interaction, vary in the narrow range from 24.0 to 26.2 kJ/mol at 25-575 degreesC. The average thermal expansion coefficients (TECs) of LSGM-LSFC composites, calculated from dilatometric data in air, are (12.4-13.5) x 10(-6) K-1 at 100-650 degreesC and (17.8-19.8) x 10(-6) K-1 at 650-1000 degreesC. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Shaula, AL; Kharton, VV; Marques, FMB

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