Blue cobalt doped-hibonite pigments prepared from industrial sludges: Formulation and characterization


The structural stability of the pigment was investigated using X-ray diffraction coupled with SEM and UV-vis-IR analysis, as a function of the relative Co content and calcination temperature. A standard formulation prepared from commercial reagents was also prepared and characterized for the sake of comparison. The pigment was added to a transparent glaze and to a porcelain stoneware body. Since the relative amount of cobalt was low and the sintering temperature of the pigment was not too high (13501400 degrees C), the new pigment system offers an interesting alternative to spinel, olivine and willemite commercial blue pigments. Moreover, the use of several wastes in the pigment formulation does not diminish its colouring performance. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Chemistry; Engineering; Materials Science


Leite, A; Costa, G; Hajjaji, W; Ribeiro, MJ; Seabra, MP; Labrincha, JA

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