MgAl2O4 spinel synthesis by combustion and detonation reactions: A thermochemical evaluation


The production of MgAl2O4 spinel is evaluated using a thermochemical program, THOR, which calculates the equilibrium products resulting from the adiabatic combustion (isobaric and isochoric) or detonation of energetic materials. A classic metalized emulsion was used (ammonium nitrate, fuel oil, aluminium, water and glass microballoons), to which MgO was added. The Al/MgO proportion and the reaction regime were varied, the maximum spinet yield being achieved for the detonation of a fuel-rich emulsion with 5Al:3MgO (mol). In parallel, MgAl2O4 was experimentally synthesized by solution combustion of Al and Mg nitrates with various urea contents. The same reactions were simulated with THOR and the results obtained for products type and amounts were found to be in good agreement. Additionally, THOR simulations provided clear explanations for the experimental observations, which can be of invaluable help in the selection of fuel type and content in solution combustion synthesis of any given mixed oxide. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Duraes, L; Matias, T; Segadaes, AM; Campos, J; Portugal, A

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