Abrasive resistance of CVD diamond brazed thick films in machining of WC pre-sintered forms


Machining of cemented carbide pre-sintered forms is a strong abrasive operation, leading to significant expenses on tool consumption. To overcome this problem, the industry often uses very hard polycrystalline diamond (PCD) inserts. However, the presence of a soft binder in the PCD diamond layer weakens its abrasion resistance. An alternative to PCD is the use of cobalt-free CVD diamond films as cutting tools. In this work, CVD diamond films brazed to metal holders were used as cutting tips in machining of green WC forms and the performance compared to PCD. Diamond films of thickness similar to0.4mm were grown by microwave plasma assisted CVD (MPCVD) on silicon substrates. The wafers so obtained were processed into small triangles (tips), through laser cutting and subsequent removal of the silicon substrate using chemical etching. The tips were then brazed to steel holders with reactive Ag/Cu/Ti filler metal. Abrasion resistance was tested in rough turning conditions on pre-sintered and isostatic pressed cemented carbide bars at greater than or equal to10ms(-1) of cutting speed. The worn surfaces were observed by SEM. The onset of flank wear on PCD inserts was detected at about 30 hours of working time, while the cutting edge of the CVD diamond tool kept its sharpness even after almost 40 hours. Micro-cracking and crystal pullouts at the cutting edge were identified as the main wear mechanisms of the PCD tool.




Materials Science


Silva, V; Fernandes, AJS; Costa, FM; Sacramento, J; Silva, RF

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