Effect of spatio-temporal shifts in salinity combined with other environmental variables on the ecological processes provided by Zostera noltei meadows
authors Sousa, AI; Calado, R; Cleary, DFR; Nunes, C; Coimbra, MA; Serodio, J; Lillebo, AI
nationality International
journal SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
keywords FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION; CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE; POSIDONIA-OCEANICA; SEAGRASS MEADOWS; CYMODOCEA-NODOSA; NUTRIENT CONTENT; CLIMATE-CHANGE; QUANTUM YIELD; HORNEM; CARBON
abstract The present study aims to assess the plastic response of Zostera noltei meadows traits under spatio-temporal shifts in salinity combined with sediment environmental variables (temperature; pH; loss-on-ignition (LOI); carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) pools (top 5 cm)). Z. noltei biomass, C and N pools, leaf photosynthetic performance and esterified fatty acid (FA) profile were assessed within a temperate coastal lagoon during winter and late spring, along sites spatially distributed. None of the surveyed traits for Z. noltei displayed a clear spatial trend. Z. noltei proved to be euryhaline, whose biology was only slightly affected within this salinity range, in each season (14-39 in winter; 33-41 in late spring). Seasonal differences in salinity and environmental parameters explain the differences recorded in Z. noltei traits (aboveground biomass, N and C pools; photosynthetic performance). Spatio-temporal salinity shifts did not significantly affect the pool of FA present in Z. noltei. Overall, within the salinity range surveyed, the ecological processes studied and regulating Z. noltei meadows do not appear to be at risk. This work reinforces the plasticity of Z. noltei to salinity shifts within the studied range, with this finding being particularly relevant in the context of extreme weather events (e.g., winter freshwater floods, summer droughts).
publisher NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
issn 2045-2322
year published 2017
volume 7
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1038/s41598-017-01359-2
web of science category Multidisciplinary Sciences
subject category Science & Technology - Other Topics
unique article identifier WOS:000400449700011
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