Surface wettability modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) and copolymer films and membranes by plasma treatment


This manuscript reports on the modification of the surface wettability of poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and PVDF copolymer films and membranes by plasma treatments at different conditions, under oxygen and argon atmospheres. It is shown that a more pronounced decrease of the contact angle after O-2 plasma treatments is obtained, with a decrease of similar to 20-30 degrees for PVDF and its copolymers films, leading also to superhydrophilic membranes. This effect is related to a defluorination process, followed by the incorporation of oxygen atoms onto the surface of membranes that occurs during the surface modification. The influence of plasma treatments on surface morphology and topography was studied by atomic force microscopy, showing a decrease in the mean surface roughness with the plasma treatments, being more noticeable for Ar treatments. Finally, it is also shown that plasma treatments under Ar and O-2 did not induce modifications in the physicochemical and thermal properties of PVDF and PVDF copolymers. The chemical reaction mechanism after plasma treatment is proposed for the different copolymers.



subject category

Polymer Science


Correia, DM; Nunes-Pereira, J; Alikin, D; Kholkin, AL; Carabineiro, SAC; Rebouta, L; Rodrigues, MS; Vaz, F; Costa, CM; Lanceros-Mendez, S

our authors


This work was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology in the framework of the Strategic Funding UID/FIS/04650/2013. The authors thank FEDER funds through the COMPETE 2020 Programme and National Funds through FCT under the projects PTDC/CTM-ENE/5387/2014, PTDC/EEI-SII/5582/2014, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-028237 and PTDC/FIS-MAC/28157/2017 and Grants SFRH/BPD/121526/2016 (D.M.C.), SFRH/BPD/117838/2016 (J.N center dot P.), SFRH/BPD/112547/2015 (C.M.C.) and SFRH/BD/118684/2016 (M.S.R). Financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) through the project MAT2016-76039-C4-3-R (AEI/FEDER, UE) (including the FEDER financial support) and from the Basque Government Industry and Education Departments under the ELKARTEK, HAZITEK and PIBA (PIBA-2018-06) programs, respectively, is also acknowledged. S.A.C.C. is also thankful to FCT for Investigador FCT program (IF/01381/2013/CP1160/CT0007). This work was developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, FCT Ref. UID/CTM/50011/2019, financed by national funds through the FCT/MCTES.

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