Giant negative electrostriction and dielectric tunability in a van der Waals layered ferroelectric
authors Neumayer, SM; Eliseev, EA; Susner, MA; Tselev, A; Rodriguez, BJ; Brehm, JA; Pantelides, ST; Panchapakesan, G; Jesse, S; Kalinin, SV; McGuire, MA; Morozovska, AN; Maksymovych, P; Balke, N
nationality International
abstract The interest in ferroelectric van der Waals crystals arises from the potential to realize ultrathin ferroic systems owing to the reduced surface energy of these materials and the layered structure that allows for exfoliation. Here, we quantitatively unravel giant negative electrostriction of van der Waals layered copper indium thiophosphate (CIPS), which exhibits an electrostrictive coefficient Q(33) as high as -3.2m(4)/C-2 and a resulting bulk piezoelectric coefficient d(33) up to -85 pm/V. As a result, the electromechanical response of CIPS is comparable in magnitude to established perovskite ferroelectrics despite possessing a much smaller spontaneous polarization of only a few mu C/m(2). In the paraelectric state, readily accessible owing to low transition temperatures, CIPS exhibits large dielectric tunability, similar to widely used barium strontium titanate, and as a result both giant and continuously tunable electromechanical response. The persistence of electrostrictive and tunable responses in the paraelectric state indicates that even few-layer films or nanoparticles will sustain significant electromechanical functionality, offsetting the inevitable suppression of ferroelectric properties in the nanoscale limit. These findings can likely be extended to other ferroelectric transition metal thiophosphates and (quasi-) two-dimensional materials, and might facilitate the quest toward alternative ultrathin functional devices incorporating electromechanical response.
issn 2475-9953
year published 2019
volume 3
issue 2
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.024401
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000457715800001
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journal impact factor 3.337
5 year journal impact factor 3.337
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 62.261
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