Growth rate effects on the thermoelectric performance of CaMnO3-based ceramics


CaMnO3-based materials represent a promising family of n-type oxide thermoelectrics. The objective of the present work is assessing the impacts on relevant structural, microstructural and thermoelectric properties of manganites when they are processed by the laser floating zone technique. For this purpose, donor-doped Ca0.9La0.1MnO3, CaMn0.93Nb0.05O3 and undoped CaMnO3 were used. Different growth conditions have been evaluated through combined studies of structural, microstructural, and thermoelectric characteristics. Despite the presence of secondary phases, electrical resistivity is among the best reported in the literature (9 m at 800 degrees C for La-doped materials grown at 200 mm/h). Essentially high absolute Seebeck coefficient of 320 mu V/K at 800 degrees C was observed for undoped samples grown at 10 mm/h. Power factor is significantly affected by the growth conditions, reaching the highest values when using the lowest pulling rates. Exceptionally high PF (0.39 mW/K(2)m at 800 degrees C) was obtained for undoped CaMnO3 samples grown at 10 mm/h.



subject category

Materials Science


Ferreira, NM; Neves, NR; Ferro, MC; Torres, MA; Madre, MA; Costa, FM; Sotelo, A; Kovalevsky, AV

our authors


The authors are grateful to i3N (FCT UID/CTM/50025/2019), CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials (FCT UID/CTM/50011/2019) and project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-031875, financed by COMPETE 2020 Program and national funds through the FCT/MEC and FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. NMF thanks FCT for the grant SFRH/BPD/111460/2015. AK acknowledges the support of the project of bilateral cooperation between FCT and DAAD (Germany). M. A. Madre, M. A. Torres, and A. Sotelo acknowledge Gobierno de Aragon-FEDER (Research Group T 54-17R), and MINECO-FEDER (Project MAT2017-82183-C3-1-R) for financial support.

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