Multifunctional behavior of acceptor-cation substitution at higher doping concentration in PZT ceramics


The Fe-doped PZT, Pb (Zr, Ti)(1-x)FexO3, ceramics have gathered plenty of attention because of the interplay of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. In the present study, we report the properties of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)(1-x)FexO3 prepared by conventional solid-state reaction route with varying Fe3+ doping concentrations, x = 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20. Study of X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the tetragonal crystal structure along with reduction in tetragonality and unit-cell size with doping. It also showed formation of secondary magnetoplumbite phase at higher doping concentrations. The SEM micrographs exhibited decrease in grain size with increase in doping concentration (for x > 0.05). The increase in oxygen vacancies and the formation of secondary magneto-plumbite phase and Fe3+-VO2--Fe3+ defect dipole complexes introduced with the acceptor (Fe3+) doping, caused clamping of the domain walls and hence reduced the room temperature dielectric constant as the doping concentration was increased. The coexistence of electrical polarization and magnetic moment at room temperature in all PFZT compositions confirmed the multiferroic characteristic in the ceramic samples. Electric polarization (P-r) and coercive fields (E-c) decreased with increase in Fe3+ concentration in PFZT sample. However, magnetization (M) and magnetic coercive fields (E-c) increased with the increasing Fe3+ concentration due to the dominant effect of F-center exchange mechanism in Fe3+-VO2--Fe3+ and formation of ferromagnetic secondary magneto-plumbite phase.



subject category

Materials Science


Kumari, N; Monga, S; Arif, M; Sharma, N; Sanger, A; Singh, A; Vilarinho, PM; Gupta, V; Sreenivas, K; Katiyar, RS; Scott, JF

our authors


The authors are thankful to the DST, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India and University Grants Commission, India, for financial assistance. One of the authors (A.S.) would like to thank the DST, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India for award of Young Scientist and BOYSCAST Fellowship executed in USA and also thankful to Professor R. S. Katiyar, UPR, DOE, and NASA (USA) for lab facility made available at University of Puerto Rico, USA during BOYSCAST Fellowship.

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