Sr and Mg Doped Bi-Phasic Calcium Phosphate Macroporous Bone Graft Substitutes Fabricated by Robocasting: A Structural and Cytocompatibility Assessment


Bi-phasic calcium phosphates (BCPs) are considered prominent candidate materials for the fabrication of bone graft substitutes. Currently, supplemental cation-doping is suggested as a powerful path to boost biofunctionality, however, there is still a lack of knowledge on the structural role of such substituents in BCPs, which in turn, could influence the intensity and extent of the biological effects. In this work, pure and Mg- and Sr-doped BCP scaffolds were fabricated by robocasting from hydrothermally synthesized powders, and then preliminarily tested in vitro and thoroughly investigated physically and chemically. Collectively, the osteoblast cell culture assays indicated that all types of BCP scaffolds (pure, Sr- or Sr-Mg-doped) delivered in vitro performances similar to the biological control, with emphasis on the Sr-Mg-doped ones. An important result was that double Mg-Sr doping obtained the ceramic with the highest beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP)/hydroxyapatite mass concentration ratio of similar to 1.8. Remarkably, Mg and Sr were found to be predominantly incorporated in the beta-TCP lattice. These findings could be important for the future development of BCP-based bone graft substitutes since the higher dissolution rate of beta-TCP enables an easier release of the therapeutic ions. This may pave the road toward medical devices with more predictable in vivo performance.



subject category

Engineering; Materials Science


Besleaga, C; Nan, B; Popa, AC; Balescu, LM; Nedelcu, L; Neto, AS; Pasuk, I; Leonat, L; Popescu-Pelin, G; Ferreira, JMF; Stan, GE

our authors


C.B., L.M.B., A.C.P., and G.E.S. are grateful for the financial support of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS UEFISCDI, in the framework of the project PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2019-0463, as well as to the Core Programme 21 N. This work was also developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute ofMaterials, UIDB/50011/2020, UIDP/50011/2020 & LA/P/0006/2020, financed by national funds through the FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC).

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