One-Step Synthesis of Magnetic Covalent Organic Framework Composite for the Adsorption of Marine Toxin Okadaic Acid


A one-step procedure is reported for the synthesis of crystalline magnetic covalent organic framework (COF) composite. While pre-functionalization of the solid substrate with a building block prior to COF growth is typically required to obtain a crystalline COF composite, our approach uses a sub-stoichiometric amount of the diamino building block during the COF synthesis. This allows for the anchoring of the excess aldehyde on the dopamine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles to promote COF growth, giving access to crystalline magnetic COF composite in only one step. No losses in crystallinity or surface area were observed as compared to bulk material. The COF composite was succesfully applied for the removal of okadaic acid from synthetic sewater, where the composite material showed adsorption efficiency comparabale to that found for the bulk COF. In addition, the material was recyclable during at least three consecutive cycles of adsorption/desorption using 2-propanol as desorption solvent, with merely minor losses in adsorption capacity. This work opens new avenues for synthesizing crystalline COF composites through shorter and easier routes saving costs of sorbent preparation, and reinforces the great promise of COF composites for application in seawater biotoxin monitoring.


Vanesa Romero, Soraia P. S. Fernandes, Liliana P. L. Gonçalves, Orlando Oliveira, Maria Meledina, Karol Strutyński, Manuel Melle-Franco, Yury V. Kolen’ko, Begoña Espiña, Laura M. Salonen

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