Characterization of an acetylated heteroxylan from Eucalyptus globulus Labill


A heteroxylan was isolated from Eucalyptus globulus wood by extraction of peracetic acid delignified holocellulose with dimethyl sulfoxide. Besides (1 --> 4)-linked beta-D-xylopyranosyl units of the backbone and short side chains of terminal (1 --> 2)-linked 4-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucuronosyl residues (MeGlcA) in a 1:10 molar ratio, this hemicellulose contained galactosyl and glucosyl units attached at O-2 of MeGlcA originating from rhamnoarabinogalactan and glucan backbones, respectively. About 30% of MeGlcA units were branched at O-2. The O-acetyl-(4-O-methylglucurono)xylan showed an acetylation degree of 0.61, as determined by H-1 NMR spectroscopy, and a weight-average molecular weight (M-w) of about 36 kDa (P = 1.05) as revealed from size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) analysis. About half of the beta-D-xylopyranosyl units of the backbone were found as acetylated moieties at O-3 (34 mol%), O-2 (15 mol%) or O-2,3 (6 mol%). Practically, all beta-D-xylopyranosyl units linked at O-2 with MeGlcA residues were 3-O-acetylated (10 mol%). (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.



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Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry


Evtuguin, DV; Tomas, JL; Silva, AMS; Neto, CP

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