Effect of dispersant on the rheological properties and slip casting of concentrated sialon precursor suspensions


The ability of Hypermer KD1 to disperse high solids loading reaction sialon suspensions for slip casting has been characterised. It has been found to be a very effective dispersant in organic media of 60-vol.% MEK and 40-vol.% Ethanol, yielding fluid and highly homogeneous suspensions. The effects of added amounts of KD1 have been observed through adsorption data, sedimentation tests and rheology measurements. KD1 imparts low viscosity and stability to the suspension. It has been found that 3-wt.% addition of KD1, based on the weight of reaction sialon powders, results in a very stable and high flowable suspension with near Newtonian flow behavior. Less amounts of dispersant lead to unstable suspensions with obvious shear thinning flow behaviors, while adding excessive dispersant leads to high viscosities, especially at high solids loading. Measuring the pore size distribution of green bodies from different suspensions has proved the effects of dispersant amounts on dispersing the slurries and on slip casting performance. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.



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Materials Science


Xu, X; Oliveira, MILL; Fu, RL; Ferreira, JMF

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