Role of the mixing conditions and composition of galvanic sludges on the inertization process in clay-based ceramics


Hydroxide-metal sludges from electroplating industry are a potential source of environmental contamination due to their high content of heavy metals. The incorporation of these residues in a ceramic matrix can be a promising way to suppress the harmful effect of metals normally present in those sludges. This work reports the role of the mixing time between the waste and ceramic materials and of the calcination step on the fixing level of several metal-containing species (Al, Zn, Ni, Fe, Ca, Cu, Cr) after sequential leaching in different media (aqueous, acetate and citrate). A strong and/or long mixing process will promote the deagglomeration of the coarser agglomerates and then will increase the reactivity of remaining grains towards the ceramic material during the calcination. As a consequence, inertization is improved for fired samples. With non-calcined samples leaching increases as a result of increasing dispensability/availability of species. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



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Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology


Magalhaes, JM; Silva, JE; Castro, FP; Labrincha, JA

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